162 images Created 12 Feb 2018
Despite the country's small size, Japan has a vast array of landscapes that are divided into three distinctive climatic zones: the Siberian sub-arctic zone in the northern island of Hokkaido, the temperate zone of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, and the sub-tropical zone encompassing the islands of Okinawa. Over 90,000 animal species have been confirmed in Japan and its diverse habitats support rich biodiversity. Despite the fact that it is highly urbanised and crowded in the cities, it has a varied landscape containing a diverse array of wildlife including several endemic animal and plant species of which some are extremely rare. For instance, the endangered red-crowned crane is an important icon of Japan. It is considered the bird of happiness and long life and has defined Japan for over a 1,000 years.